Friday, January 24, 2020

Comparing and Contrasting the Book and Play Version of Shelleys Franke

Do not judge a book by its cover. Those are the words of a famous American proverb that says a person’s character cannot be judged based on their appearance. This proverb is very fitting in regards to the monster from Frankenstein. On the outside, he has a terrible appearance, and as a result is victimized and made to suffer by those who cannot see past his looks. Yet he has a kind soul and is simply looking for happiness and a little compassion from others. Both the book and the play present him as a sufferer in a cruel world but ultimately the book does a better job portraying his pain and eliciting empathy from the reader. The monster in the book details his suffering in greater detail, is more eloquent and persuasive and also experiences a more tragic ending, and as a result the reader feels more sympathy towards him than an audience member would feel towards the monster in the play. The greater detail provided by the book about the monster’s experiences allows the reader to sympathize with the monster more so than an audience member. When the Frankenstein monster is retelling the story of the hardships he has endured, he mentions events that were overlooked in the play. One example of this is when the monster saved a girl’s life. Such an act would normally be considered very heroic and receive much praise under any circumstances, but instead the monster is rewarded by being shot, receiving only â€Å"the miserable pain of a wound which shattered the flesh and bone.† (Shelley 135) The book also examines the months of hard work the creature put into learning about human nature and language in order to be fully accepted when he chose to reveal himself. The monster hid by the cottage for around a year, listening and learning during t... ...derstand, but he did everything within his power to fit in. He tried his best to help others, wanting nothing but acceptance in return. Yet he was cursed with a monstrous appearance. This was the one characteristic he had no control over, but it was the one that negated all his good intentions in the eyes of society, causing him a tremendous amount misery and eventually leading him to do some terrible things. If his monstrous appearance is just one example of any characteristic looked down upon by society, then his story is a powerful lesson for any reader. It brings to light the misery and pain inflicted – possibly unknowingly – by society onto those that do not fit in. Taking that into consideration, there remains a simple question: who really was the monster in the novel? Work Cited Shelley, Mary. Frankenstein. Ed. Susan J. Wolfson. New York: Longman, 2003.

Thursday, January 16, 2020

How does Hansberry write about dreams in ‘ A Raisin in the Sun’? Essay

Setting: Lorriane Hansberry wrote ‘A Raisin in the Sun’ in the late 1950’s. Hansberry’s choice of a very poor, working-class Black family in the setting of Southside Chicago in the late 1950s, underlines the important role of dreams as a driving force in the lives of people with no other hope of survival or breakthrough from poverty and despair. The Younger family is typical of most Black families in the American south in the late 1950s. The Younger apartment is the only setting throughout the whole play emphasising the centrality of the home. Most were the descendants of freed slaves who lived in ghettos, had no landed property of their own, had little or no education and were still subject to extreme forms of prejudice, racial discrimination and humiliation from the majority White population. In such an environment, dreams are the means of support of hope and aspiration. The ‘American dream’ is being able to rise through their own ability, share prosperity and have a good way of living. The play opens with the author’s vivid description of the Younger family’s cramped, cockroach-infested, two-bedroom apartment with externally shared toilet and bathroom facilities. The carpet is threadbare and faded; the furniture upholstery has been covered and the apartment is so overcrowded that Travis, the young son of Walter Lee and Ruth, has to sleep on the living-room sofa. The family poverty is so dire that the ten-year old boy has to struggle to get fifty cents out of his mother or offer to earn the money by carrying groceries for shoppers at the local supermarket. The horrible poverty despite, an audience would observe a proud, law-abiding family held together by Walter and Beneatha’s sixty-year old mother, Mama Lena Younger, whose manner portrays dignity and a set of values that date back many years. Dreams: Ruth Younger, Walter Younger’s wife. Ruth is about thirty years of age. Ruth appears in the play disappointed and exhausted. Ruth is emotionally strong. Ruth has economic and marriage problems to face in the course of the play. Walter Lee Younger, the central character of the play. Ruth’s husband and also the older brother of Beneatha. Walter Lee is revealed in the play as a desperate man in need of money. Walter despises the fact he is living in poverty and prejudice. Walter Lee is tries to provide a better standard of living for his family. Walter Lee is also passionate about seeking a business idea to overcome economic and social issues. Travis is Ruth and Walter’s son. The only child existing in the play. Travis is secluded and over protected by the adults he lives with. Beneatha Younger is Walter’s younger sister and Mama’s daughter. Beneatha’s main ambition is to become a doctor. A strong willed woman in the drama. Ruth also takes a lot of pride in being an intellectual. Mama is the mother of Walter and Beneatha and Ruth’s mother-in-law. Mama is a very strong and religious woman in the play. Mama wants her daughter Beneatha to become a doctor. Mama also supports Ruth in many ways as a mother- in- law. Joseph Asagai is an African student who is very much proud of his cultural background and also admits his love to Beneatha. Joseph also provides Beneatha African robes and records and supports her aspirations into becoming a doctor. George Murchison is the rich boyfriend of Beneatha. George is disrespectful of other black people. George is very arrogant in his behaviour with Beneatha. Beneatha who prefers Joseph to George. As a common theme of her play, Hansberry portrays dreams in a great variety of ways. It is interesting to note from the play as a whole that virtually all the characters have dreams. Some are ambitious whilst others are modest; they are a source of frustration as well as of happiness; they are a reflection of an individual’s character and personality traits and as Walter Lee demonstrates, they are dynamic and subject to change according to the prevailing circumstances. Walter Lee is the central character of the play. Hansberry portrays him as an intense, very bitter and deeply frustrated man suffering the early start of a mid-life crisis. In Act 1 Scene 1 (pg.18), he says: † I ‘m thirty-five years old; I been married eleven years and I got a boy who sleeps in the living room and all I got to give him is stories about how rich white people live.† Then again in Act 1 Scene 2, he sees into the future at edge of his days, as a big, looming blank space†¦full of nothing.† Walter’s dream is to achieve a breakthrough in business that would give his family a better life and establish him as a man who is the main breadwinner and head of his household. His immediate hope of a business venture is to invest in a liquor store the full $10,000 insurance money his mother is about to receive as a result of Big Walter’s (her husband’s) death. His dream to lay hands on that money rapidly becomes an overwhelming obsession. When neither his mother Lena nor his wife Ruth approve of such a venture, Hansberry illustrates the depth of total frustration to which a man can sink as his dream becomes more and more indefinable. He becomes abusive to his wife, implying she belongs to â€Å"a race of women with small minds† (pg. 19); he is dismissive of sister Beneatha’s dream to become a doctor, telling her â€Å"go be a nurse like other women†¦or just get married and be quiet;† and he yells at his mother when the much-awaited cheque finally arrives. Walter Lee resorts to drinking heavily when his mother refuses to support his investment in a liquor store; he shows bitter resentment towards George Murchison, whom he thinks was born with a silver spoon; he also loses interest in his regular job as a chauffeur. Indeed, he is so blinded by the obsession of having his mother’s money that he explodes with rage when Mama Lena reveals payment of a deposit on the family’s most essential need, namely: a larger house. Hansberry illustrates the nature of dreams when Walter Lee is offered $3,500 to use as he pleases. Whilst this sum is lower than the $10,000 he was originally dreaming of, it is a cruel twist of irony that in Act 2 Scene 2. A highly thrilled Walter Lee begins to dream of life as a downtown executive who attends conferences, employs bungling secretaries, sends Travis to America’s best schools, drives a Chrysler and can afford to buy Ruth a Cadillac convertible. However, through his dreams, Hansberry is able to reveal the downfalls in Walter Lee’s character: compared to his wife and mother, he is a man of very poor judgement and was extremely gullible to allow himself to be duped by his supposedly loyal friend, Willy Harris. Compared to her much older and more experienced mother, Beneatha’s dreams portray the natural idealism of youth. Despite the poverty of her family background, Hansberry portrays her as a positive thinker who dreams of becoming a doctor without knowing where her medical school fees will come from. Beneatha is all the more remarkable in her ambitions because it was very unusual in the 1950s for women to enter the medical profession and even less usual for someone from a poor Black family who lived in a ghetto of Chicago. More typically for the period of emerging Black liberation, Beneatha shows a high level of political awareness, keeps in close touch with her African heritage and even dreams of marrying Asagai and settling in Africa to practise as a doctor (Act 3, pg.113). Although she is just as idealistic as her brother (Walter Lee), Beneatha is not obsessed with money as a means to achieving her dreams. She is totally unimpressed by George Murchison’s acquired wealth, arrogance and lack of consciousness of his African heritage. She declares in Act 1, Scene 1 (pg.31), that she could never really be serious about George because he is so shallow and is heard shouting again in Act 3, towards the end of the play, that she would not marry George if he were Adam and she were Eve (pg.114). In contrast to her children, Mama Lena is a realist who has cherished a single lifetime dream, which she shared with her late husband, Big Walter Younger. Hansberry portrays her as a God-fearing, law-abiding but poor mother with strong family values. Consequently, her dream is a modest but seemingly unattainable desire to acquire a comfortable house with a garden (which she describes in Act1, Scene 1- pg.28) and to fix it up for herself and her family. Hansberry’s use of symbolism is illustrated by the way Mama Lena keeps her dream alive in much the same manner as she nurtures her potted plant. In a second reference to her wish for garden (pg.35), Mama describes her plant as the closest she ever got to have one. She compares the strong will and spirit of her family with the survival of her plant, which â€Å"ain’t never had enough sunshine or nothing† but continued to thrive against all odds. Again, it is interesting to note Hansberry’s portrayal of dreams and the human nature: when the prospect of acquiring a house actually becomes attainable, Mama Lena no longer opts for a property in Morgan Park but for a house in the more affluent and exclusive White neighbourhood of Clybourne Park. Like Walter Lee’s new vision of himself as a downtown executive, the playwright illustrates the insatiable nature of dreams. The moral of her play is that whatever their status in life or level of attainment, people will always have dreams. Although Hansberry portrays dreams as the all-important hope on which people depend for motivation and survival, she also highlights the influence of principles in the quest to achieve those goals. It is a tribute to the Youngers’ self-pride, moral fibre and strength of character that Walter Lee is compelled to discard the idea of accepting a pay-off from Mr Lindner not to move into the White neighbourhood of Clybourne Park after he had lost the bulk of the insurance money to Willy Harris. After he announced he had called Mr Lindner to accept the payment, Mama Lena says to Walter: â€Å"Son, I come from five generations of people who was slaves and sharecroppers but ain’t nobody in my family never let nobody pay. ’em no money that was a way of telling us we wasn’t fit to walk the earth. We ain’t never been that poor. We ain’t never been that dead inside†. (Act 3, pg.108). Beneatha dismisses him in similar terms, saying: â€Å"That is not a man. That is nothing but a toothless rate† and: â€Å"He is no brother of mine†. Eventually, Walter Lee is compelled to restore the family dignity by telling Mr Lindner what a proud family he came from, how they had earned the right to live in Clybourne Park and why they didn’t want his money.. By the end of Act 3, Hansberry leaves her audience with some answers to the questions created in the metaphors of Langston Hughes’ poem, from which her play derives its title: ‘A Raisin in the Sun’. From her demonstration that people will always have dreams, it can be concluded that dreams can be deferred but they do not dry up like a raisin in the sun. As Walter Lee demonstrates, dreams can become a painful obsession to be annoying like a running sore and stinks like rotten meat when they go bad. Typical examples are when his dream takes control of Walter Lee’s life to an extent that he becomes abusive to his family and resorts to drink as the dream is deferred. Likewise, as Beneatha’s experience shows, dreams can be likened to a syrupy sweet: good to have but false and elusive if they are deferred. Through no fault of her own, Beneatha’s dream is sweet and noble but it rapidly becomes as false as an illusion when Walter Lee loses the money that would have helped her enter medical school. Although Mama Lena’s dream was never a painful obsession that festered like a running sore, smelled like rotten meat or delude like a syrupy sweet, she carried for such a long period of her life that it sagged like a heavy load until she finally bought the house in Clybourne Street. Whilst Walter Lee and Beneatha’s dreams explode with the loss of most of the much-needed family capital, Mama Lena’s dream remains as flexible as her symbolic plant, which she takes for planting in the garden of their new home. Mama is the only one of Hansberry’s characters to realise her dream. For every one else, Hansberry’s reference to the sun may well be symbolic of the bright light and hope our dreams represent. The playwright creates the question: should we allow our dreams to dry up like raisins in the sun or should we remain strong and committed, nurturing our dreams like Mama’s plant until we achieve them?

Wednesday, January 8, 2020

Coffee and Starbucks - 1360 Words

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION Company Profile Starbucks Corporation is an American global coffee company and coffeehouse chain based in Seattle, Washington. Starbucks is the largest coffeehouse company in the world, with 20,366 stores in 61 countries, including 13,123 in the United States, 1,299 in Canada, 977 in Japan, 793 in the United Kingdom, 732 in China, 473 in South Korea, 363 in Mexico, 282 in Taiwan, 204 in the Philippines, and 164 in Thailand. Starbucks locations serve hot and cold beverages, whole-bean coffee, micro ground instant coffee, full-leaf teas, pastries, and snacks. Most stores also sell packaged food items, hot and cold sandwiches, and items such as mugs and tumblers. Starbucks Evenings locations also offer a variety of†¦show more content†¦The Starbucks brand was regarded as one of the best known and most potent brand names in America and the company had firmly established itself as the dominant retailer, roaster, and brand of specialty coffee in North America. It already had over 1,500 stores in North America and the Pacific Rim and was opening new ones at a rate of more than one per day. Sales in fiscal year 1997 were a record $967 million and profits reached an all-time high of $57.4 million. The company s closest competitor had fewer than 300 retail locations. And since going public in 1992, Starbucks has seen its stock price increase nearly nine fold. HISTORY OF STARBUCKS Starbucks has always been a place where all can find the world’s best coffees. But in 1971, all would have had to travel all the way to the only store in Seattle’s historic Pike Place Market. 1970s The first Starbucks opens. The name comes from Herman Melville’s Moby Dick, a classic American novel about the 19th century whaling industry. The seafaring name seems appropriate for a store that imports the world’s finest coffees to the cold, thirsty people of Seattle. 1980s Howard Schultz joins Starbucks in 1982. Howard Schultz, at the age of 34, became Starbucks president and CEO. While on a business trip in Italy, he visits Milan’s famous espresso bars. Impressed with their popularity and culture, he sees their potential in Seattle. He’s right – after trying lattes andShow MoreRelatedCoffee and Starbucks1425 Words   |  6 Pages1 A. What is Starbucks’ â€Å"product† †¢ Starbucks’ product is a casual experience in a comfortable atmosphere where the customer can enjoy a premium cup of coffee and a newspaper or relaxing conversation with friends. B. What is their â€Å"core product† and what are the â€Å"auxiliary features† and benefits? †¢ The core product is a premium cup of coffee. The auxiliary features include the well-educated baristas that can help select the right cup of coffee and help customers learn how to reproduce the experienceRead MoreCoffee and Starbucks10899 Words   |  44 Pages.........3 Main discussion Part (1) Starbucks product’s competitive priorities†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦3 Part (2) Starbucks critical analysis, services and manufacturing strategies...5 Part (3) Product life cycle†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.10 Part (4) the flow diagram processes †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.13 Part (5) Tools and standards applied to keep tracking in the industry†¦..†¦15 Recommendations†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.17 References†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.†¦19 Abstract Starbucks opened its first location in Seattle sRead MoreCoffee and Starbucks2057 Words   |  9 Pagesï » ¿ Starbucks: The best coffee, for the best YOU. 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The abstract is typically a short summary of the contents of the document.] Network Preethi Kasireddy Esmeralda Ayala Ari Eryorulmaz Billy Jung [Company Address] Table of Contents Abstract†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦....2 Background and Problem Definition†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦...2 Current Situation†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦..2-5 Demand†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦....2-3 Supply SideRead MoreCoffee and Starbucks5999 Words   |  24 PagesCase #3 4/2/12 Starbucks Corporation Summarize the overall strategy of Starbucks Management in its effort to create and develop a new concept and a rapidly expanding company. 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Today the well-known coffee chain has spread their name almost all over the globe. With over 21,000 locations in 64 countries, Starbucks is by far the largest leading coffee company in the world. Starbucks Coffee has different values compared to other coffee corporations that do not see the importance

Tuesday, December 31, 2019

Example Sentences of the Verb Begin

This page provides example sentences of the verb Begin in all tenses including active and passive forms, as well as conditional and modal forms. Base Form begin / Past Simple began[i/] / Past Participle begun / Gerund beginning Present Simple He usually begins work at eight oclock. Present Simple Passive Construction is often begun before the plans are finished. Present Continuous We are beginning to understand the problem. Present Continuous Passive The report is being begun this very moment. Present Perfect Peter hasnt begun yet. Present Perfect Passive The report hasnt been begun yet. Present Perfect Continuous None Past Simple The school began to ask students to come earlier. Past Simple Passive The project was begun last week. Past Continuous They were beginning to eat as I arrived. Past Continuous Passive The book was being begun when I got to class. Past Perfect She had begun work before I arrived. Past Perfect Passive The project had been begun before he approved the final plans. Past Perfect Continuous None Future (will) It will begin soon. Future (will) passive The project will be begun by John. Future (going to) Oliver is going to begin a new job next week. Future (going to) passive The process is going to be begun next month. Future Continuous He will be beginning his new job in two weeks time. Future Perfect The concert will have begun by the time you arrive. Future Possibility The movie may begin soon. Real Conditional I will begin if he arrives soon. Unreal Conditional She would begin soon if they offered her the job. Past Unreal Conditional If it had begun earlier they wouldnt have finished in time. Present Modal I must begin working hard! Past Modal They should have begun the project earlier. Quiz: Conjugate with Begin Use the verb to begin to conjugate the following sentences. Quiz answers are below. In some cases, more than one answer may be correct. The school _____ to ask students to come earlier.The project _____ before he approved the final plans.We _____ to understand the problem.He usually _____ work at eight oclock.The report _____ yet.Oliver _____ a new job next week.She _____ soon if they offered her the job.She ______ before I arrived.It _____ soon.The concert _____ by the time you arrive. Quiz Answers beganhad been begunare beginningbegins  hasnt been begunis going to beginwould beginhad begun workwill beginwill have begun

Monday, December 23, 2019

Effects Of Advertisements On American Youth - 1458 Words

The Effects of Advertisements on American Youth Today, we live in a society that is ruled by multiple forms of media, and where there is media there are advertisements. According to the market research company Yankelovich, the average person is exposed to about 5,000 advertisements and brands per day (Walker-Smith, 2014). The exposure to such advertisements have caused a detrimental effect on young people, such as the influence of what the perfect body looks like. Today commercials showcase unrealistic versions of the average male and female, causing an increase in eating disorders each year. Advertisements also influence young people by convincing them that it is okay to drink and that there will be no consequences. Advertisements do not show the long term effects that can happen to an individual when they start abusing alcohol; such as the need for blood transfusions or having seizures. They only show the scene where people seem to be having more fun with an alcoholic beverage in their hand. Advertisements also play a role in th e food choices young people make. Most food advertisements appear on children and teen oriented shows; and the advertisements they show are unhealthy for young people to consume. Those advertisements are a contributing factor to childhood obesity that may later become adulthood obesity. Which goes to show the enormous impact advertisements play in the way society views beauty, alcohol, and food choices; creating detrimental effects on young people’sShow MoreRelatedAlcohol Advertising: the Cause of Underage Drinking? Essay1089 Words   |  5 PagesLinzay Workman Advanced Composition Rose Bunch Paper 3: Literature Review Alcohol Advertising: The Cause of Underage Drinking? The question, Is alcohol advertising the cause of underage drinking? seems to flow through the minds of many American families. The answer to the question largely depends upon the families view on drinking in general. Some homes encourage drinking every once in a while, for social purposes; while others condemn it all together. The topic is very controversialRead MoreTelevision Advertising Effects1153 Words   |  5 Pagesthe American culture. Even though television has positive effects, the negative effects of television outweigh the positive effects. The majority of television watched is through advertisements. Television advertisements have a great impact on Americans, especially the youth. In fact, a young person views 40,000 television advertisements per year (Committee on Communications). Concerning a child’s developing cognition and social pressures, television advertisements negatively impact American youthRead More Tommy Hilfiger Fragrance Advertisement Essay1196 Words   |  5 Pages Tommy Hilfiger Fragrance Advertisement The two adverts for Tommy Hilfiger fragrances use the same ideas about the culture of American youth and portray a lifestyle that is intended to be desired by the audience. At a glance you notice the similarities between the adverts as the layouts are practically identical, despite being produced five years apart. The code of convention for this type of advertisement places the product in the bottom right hand corner, the nameRead More Alcohol Advertising: The Cause of Underage Drinking? Essay example1079 Words   |  5 Pages Alcohol Advertising: The Cause of Underage Drinking? nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;The question, â€Å"Is alcohol advertising the cause of underage drinking?† seems to flow through the minds of many American families. 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In the simplest sense the word â€Å"advertising† means â€Å"drawing attention to something† or notifying or informing somebody of something(Dyer 1982).These days, advertising could be found everywhere, no matter you are watching television, surfing the internet or even travelling on public transports. These producers aimed at selling more of their products through advertising without consider the kind of messages they have sent out to the consumers, especially

Saturday, December 14, 2019

Garment Free Essays

Even though the labor cost is cheaper in developing countries than in developed countries, due to the specific market nature of the garment industries, for example the short production life cycle, high volatility, low predictability, high level of impulse purchase and the quick arrest response, garment industries are facing the greatest challenges these days (Lucy Daly and Towers 2004). Before 1 980, customers tolerated long lead times, which enabled producers to minimize product cost by using economical batch sizes. Later, when customers began to demand shorter lead times, the producers were not able to stand in the competitive market with their current production system. We will write a custom essay sample on Garment or any similar topic only for you Order Now This is when the problem arose and companies started to look for changes to be more competitive. This pressure was further intensified with the elimination of quotas as of January 1 , 2005. To stay competitive, many domestic textile manufacturers have sought to improve their manufacturing processes so that they can more readily compete with overseas manufacturers. Garment industries in developing countries are more focused on sourcing of raw material and minimizing delivery cost than labor productivity because of the availability of cheap labor. Due to this, labor productivity is lower in developing countries than in the developed ones. For example, labor is very cheap in Bangladesh but the productivity is poor among other developing countries (Shadily and Seed Shall 201 1). Similarly, since the cost of fabric is a major factor of the garment cost, it is controlled by using CAD and CAM system for marker making and fabric cutting to save fabric consumption. So now the worry is about labor productivity, sewing process improvement and making production flexible. Even today, industries are getting the same or more volumes (orders), but the number of styles they have to handle has increased drastically. Earlier, industries were getting bulk order so there was no need to worry, if the production line was set for the first time it would run for a month or at least a week or two. Now a days, the fashion industry is highly volatile and if the orders are not fulfilled on time, the fear for losing business is real. Due to small order quantities and complex designs, the garment industry has to produce multiple styles even within a day; this needs higher flexibility in volume and style change over (Ashram and Christian 201 1). In some cases It has been observed that, in developing countries the garment industries are run as family businesses. They don’t have much confidence towards innovation over old processes. They are happy as long as they are sustaining their business. Since lacking of skilled personnel as well as sufficient capital to implement new technologies for improving productivity and flexibility, they are not moving towards new innovation. Because of all these things the industries have been running in a traditional way for years and are rigid to change (Gao et al 2009). The best Way to Cope with all these challenges is the implementation of lean manufacturing. This will serve the purpose of flexibility and save a lot of money by reducing production lead time, reducing the inv entory, increasing productivity, training operators for multiple works, ND by reducing rework. 1. 2 RESEARCH PROBLEM The sewing section in a garment firm is a most problematic section as compared with other value chains . Most of the time, failure to meet delivery time is because of the sewing section. Sewing operations (with respect to cutting and finishing) demands high skill in machine handling as well as material handling and more chances of producing defective products. So we have to give more attention to stitching tasks than fabric cutting and other value chains of garment production. Firstly, high WHIP in traditional type of batch production is the major problem aced by industries. Due to high WHIP, the throughput time as well as rework level is very high. In some cases, even though the operator has completed the sewing operations, the garment cannot be packed because of high WHIP. Also, the defective parts are hidden inside the batches and it is very difficult to clear them while completing the final order quantity. This is the reason why garment professionals seem to work like fire fighters; because they are always in hurry for searching the missing garment pieces all over the shop floor. 4 Secondly, in batch processing (Progressive Bundling system), flexibility awards the style change over cannot be achieved easily; which is the current demand (Decreasing order size and increasing number of style) of garment industry. To meet this requirement, production layout should be designed in such a way that it should hold minimum WHIP and should be flexible enough to the changing need of order. Thirdly, in batch process, since the operators are given specific jobs, they know one or few more operations only. Though he She may have good skill and can work more efficiently on one (allocated job only) operation; he ‘she cannot work immediately on some other operation. This is another need of today’s industry, because the fashion is changing frequently and the work force should be capable enough to cope with this change. To achieve this operator should be multi-skilled; which can be served by regular training and converting long assembly lines into small manufacturing cells. Workload fluctuation and process balancing among operators is another problem in batch processing, because one operator is given one operation at a time. So the operator who is performing easier and low time consuming jobs can pile up a huge amount of WHIP whereas in the critical operations (operations which deed more time and skill) there is lagging which causes unbalanced WHIP between machines and the work load. This research tries to address all these problems of garment industry by implementing lean manufacturing tools in an apparel firm. 5 1. 3 RESEARCH OBJECTIVES Lean manufacturing is an operational strategy oriented towards achieving the shortest possible cycle time by eliminating wastes. The term lean manufacturing is coined to represent half the human effort in the company, half the manufacturing space, half the investment in tools and half of engineering hours to develop a new product. These benefits can be achieved only if the concept is religiously followed in the organization. The objectives of this research is as follows To understand the lean manufacturing principles and identify the suitable lean manufacturing tools which minimize the process wastage such as work in progress(Wall), through put time, change over time, product defects, production space and loss of productivity in garment industry TO restructure the sewing section such as machine layout, operational modification and operator skill improvement, which demand lean implementation. How to cite Garment, Papers

Friday, December 6, 2019

Business Ethics and Corporate Governance Description

Question: Discuss about the Business Ethics and Corporate Governance Description. Answer: Introduction In the below mentioned project analyst has given a brief description about the business ethics and corporate governance in the business organisation. Analyst will be discussing the importance of business ethics in a company. Along with that moral duty and commitment to be given by the employees of the organisation will be also observed in below mentioned project. A small discussion in form of definition and importance of corporate governance in business culture will be mentioned at the beginning phase of the analysis. This report will be consisting of case study of Krispies Co. Ltd. (distributor of snack foods), according to which there is an accounting and financial misappropriations will be existing in the books of accounts of the group. To hide the organisational management incapabilitys of managing the working capital requirements, manager followed the process of window dressing presentation of financial statements. Following that, there will be detailed discussion of stakeholder s involved in the company; along with their role in the company with an analysis of effect of fraud on respective stakeholders will be also presented and attached along with the report. Business Ethics The terminology of the Ethics has been taken from the Greek word ethos. According to such ethics here means good character. Ethics are standards or guidelines which need to be followed by an organisation which helps in judging what is right and what is wrong. According to Oluwafisoye Akande, (2013) business ethics here refers to application of ethical and moral guidelines in the operations and workings of business organisation. To be more particular business ethics refers to follow up of set standards in the desired manner and to avoid taking unjust advantage. For instance there are various questions which need to be answered while taking both financial and non financial decisions related to business operations. Some of them are listed below What should an ethical employee do if his/ her bosses pressurise them to follow unethical business operations? What should a business manager do if he/she innocently came across the secret information about the business rival, would it be ethical enough to utilize their secret information and take advantage of it? The ethics is important for all the type of the business weather it is small or large scale business, manufacturing and service. The business ethics involves behaviour which is socially desirable even it is not binding by law and it is dynamic term and may change over time. The key element of business ethics are as follows Values- The values are the moral belief held by the individual, organization and society and carry moral conviction which are relatively permanent. For example a company despite of holding monopoly many charge nominal from the customer due to its value system. Rights- rights are the claim of individual and organization which are provided by the constitution. Duties- These are the obligation which the person of the organization needs to follow. For example every person has the duty to follow the law which is specified by the government. The importance of ethics in business Ethics correspondence to basic human needs- The people needs to be ethical in both personal as well as professional life because their behaviour may affect the life of the thousand of employee. Create credibility with the public- The Company who follows ethics while conducting their operation is respected and honoured by the society even when among those who dont have knowledge of actual working of company. This increase the demand of the company product as customer will think that the company offers value for money. Management credibility with employee- The ethics helps the management in bringing their employee together and builds leadership. The ethics which are set by the organization if followed create common goal and increase the value of the management. Better decision making- The business ethics helps the management in better decision making which are in the interest of the public and employee and helps in creating goodwill of the company even though the decision making is slow. This is because the management who follows ethics takes all the aspect of business such as economic social and ethical while decision making. Ethics and profit are interlinked-The Company who follows ethics creates the value among the customer which values the company over the long run and increases its profitability. The company who emphasize on creating value attain success in the long run although the company may lose money in the short run. Ethics helps in protecting society- The organization which follows ethical behaviour takes measure to prevent the customer and protect workers health even when not mandated by the law. This helps to create company value in the society. Corporate governance The corporate governance is defined as the set of system and process which ensures that the company manage all its operation for the best interest of the entire stakeholder. The system which helps in corporate governance should include certain structure and organization and aspect, the process helps the corporate governance how things are done within such structure and organization system. It is refers as mechanism, relation and process by which corporate is controlled and is directed, balancing the interest of the entire stakeholder. It is the system of rules and practice by which the company operation are directed and controlled (Connelly, 2010). Facts of the case Krispies Co. Ltd. (distributor of snack foods) has taken large loan from bank According to conditions of loan there must be at least $ 75,000 as a bank balance. As on 31st march data cash balance is only $ 50,000 There is a situation that bank might foreclose the loan and company might enter into liquidation process Accountant advised to keep the books open for one more day to keep the scope for future entries Past dated cheque received from Freers foods (a customer of Krispies Co. Ltd.) to match up with the banks requirement. Stakeholders in present situation As per (Lee, 2007) Stakeholders are the person which are involved or might be interested in the business activities. Stakeholders are the pillars of the organisation standings. Any default in any of the business activity will put a great impact on the stakeholders. The following are the below mentioned discussed in above mentioned case study- No. Stakeholders in the current situation Role in business organisation Impact on shareholders due to business liquidation 1 Employees of Krispies Co. Ltd. Employees are part of internal stakeholder group. Their job in organisation is to perform the various task and activities for which they are assigned to, in lieu of respective wages or salaries. Stakeholder as employees is always concerned about their salaries. As more there is growth in organisation more will be there monetary benefits Employees will tend to lose their jobs. Cost cutting and cost reduction will result in lots of job sack. 2 Shareholders and key investors of Krispies group Business owners are part of internal stakeholder group. Owners are deeply interested in profitability of the business enterprise. More the profits more will be return on their capital employed. Their capital will be eroded or might result in a significant loss due to reduction in share prices and decrease or very less payment of dividend. 3 Suppliers of group Suppliers are part of external stakeholder group. Supplier want to continue business relations with the firm and most likely wants to increase the sales revenue generated due to business organisation Reduction in sales revenue of the supplier. 4 Community including local residents and people in its geographical area of business Community is part of external stakeholder group. They might be local residents, shop owners, tea and coffee vans operating due to purchases made by the staff of the organisation Will affect the earnings of the locality badly. 5 Lenders including banks Lenders are part of external stakeholder group. They want that both of their principal and interest portion is to be repaid by the firm. Increase in NPAs and loss asset criteria. 6 Customers of food products manufactured by Krispies Co. Ltd. Customers are part of external stakeholder group. Consumer got adopted to particular taste and preferences and loyal to the products and services offered by the company Unavailability of the required product and services 7 Government of land Government is part of external stakeholder group. Government is interested in business due to earnings through taxation revenue. Further it creates employment opportunities to the residents of the country. Reduction in taxation revenue and growth in unemployment rate of the economy. Ethical issues involved in the present case study According to (Goel, and Ramanathan, 2014) Ethics are the moral values which decide what is wrong and what is right while making a decision. In the above mentioned case study there are lots of issues related to accounting and financial disclosures which are unethical in nature. Such issues should be controlled, reviewed and monitored accordingly. Alternatively necessary actions are to be taken to stop such mal practises in future course of action. Taking reference from the above case study analyst has observed the following ethical issues in the organisation As in general like most accounting and financial disclosure frauds are due to misappropriation and wrongly presentation of financial statements. Similarly in the above case Naomi Kidman, accountant of the Krispies Co. Ltd. asked assistant accountant to not to close the books of accounts to cover up the illegitimate funds shortage in accounting books. This is to due to management of cash requirement as required by the lender bank. This was done intentionally and not following the general accounting guidelines and principles. Taking cheques of previous dates. Not managing the working capital requirement properly in timely manner. Taking huge business risk which might even affect the going concern aspect of business enterprise. Course of action might be taken and consequences of each Organisation might take some actions which are unethical in nature just to ascertain unjust advantage. It is up to ones discretion in choosing the right path in preparation of financial statements. This will not only violate the ethical laws but also breaches the criminal law of the land. The following are the unethical course of action taken by an organisation and its further consequences are tabulated below No. Course of action Consequences of such action 1. Not closing books of accounts and creating differences in dates and other relevant data of financial instrument. Will be defaulter of the banking act and negotiable instrument act. 2. Deliberate omission of data entry in accounting and financial statements Has to face lots of penalties and fines. With further effect business has to face lots of troubles in terms of governmental controls and regulations. With effect of Sarbanes Oxley act 2002, this enhances the chances of business to expose to various fines. Additionally persons responsible for managing the operations of business can be held liable for legal proceeding for unethically presenting the financial statements of the business. For instance in the present scenario of Krispies Co. Ltd can be held responsible for the above factor of financial statement misrepresentation. 3. Wrong and misappropriation of assets recognition 4. Wrong valuation of the business assets of the organisation 5. Increase in business expenditure in wrongly manner Conclusion From the above research case study analyst with the help of framing up of a questionnaire on ethical principles and general norms which helps an individual to decide what is correct and what is wrong in the organisational sense. On reviewing the case study report on Krispies Co. Ltd various conclusion have been generated while analysing cause effect relation in prospect of the organisational stakeholders. To be more precise this shows the results of unethical tasks on the group which is interested in the activities of business in direct or indirect manner. With further effect analyst has also discussed the various ethical issues involved in the present case study. Along with that there is a brief information on consequences of issues involved over the group performance of a business organisation was mentioned in above report. References Goel, M. and Ramanathan, M.P.E., 2014. Business Ethics and Corporate Social ResponsibilityIs there a dividing line?.Procedia Economics and Finance,11, Available at Lee, K., 2007. Who Are the Stakeholders?.Journal of Technology Studies,33(1), Available at Connelly, B.L., Hoskisson, R.E., Tihanyi, L. Certo, S.T., 2010, Ownership as a form of corporate governance, Journal of management studies,47(8), Available at - Oluwafisoye, O. and Akande, O., 2013. Business Ethics and Corporate Social Responsibility THE PERCEPTION OF EMPLOYEES ON BUSINESS ETHICS IN AN ORGANIZATION. Available at -